Get to Know Niagara Canada

There’s more to Niagara Canada than that famous waterfall. Here’s everything you need to know about this world-renowned address.


Location, location, location

Most people can easily locate the world-famous Niagara Falls on the map, but that isn’t the only way to find us. Niagara Canada is ideally located within Southern Ontario’s Golden Horseshoe between Toronto and the US border.

Niagara quick facts

  • The region encompasses a total area of 1,852 km2
  • We have a total population of 449,098
  • 12 municipalities make up the region, ranging from small and medium-sized cities to small towns
  • The region has three urban centres, Niagara Falls, St. Catharines and Welland
  • Landmark natural features include Lake Ontario, Lake Erie and the Niagara Escarpment
  • Niagara is as close as a 75 km drive to Toronto and as little as 1 km from Buffalo, New York
  • The region is part of a growing area of almost 2 million people within a 30 minute drive

Residents have easy access to Toronto and the world, with summer GO train service to Toronto and daily service arriving in 2021 and 6 airports within a one hour drive.


Weather that shines in every season

Niagara Canada’s unique geography creates a micro-climate that brings about the best weather in all of Canada. The air is clean and the sun can shine bright in all four distinct seasons.

Spring (March to June)

Temperatures range from 5°C to 20°C (41–68°F) and people wear light jackets or no jacket at all. Plants and trees blossom in our many green spaces.

Summer (June to September)

Temperatures range from 15°C to over 30°C (59–86°F) and high humidity is common. People wear light clothes when the temperatures soar.

Fall (September to December)

Temperatures range from 0°C to 15°C (32–59°F) and people wear light or medium jackets and long pants. Many trees lose their leaves and fall colours are at their best.

Winter (December to March)

Temperatures range from –20°C to 0°C (–4 to 32°F). During winter, there is a need for heavy winter clothes.  The area experiences regular snowfalls with heavy snowfall (10–30cm) possible.



The name ‘Niagara’ comes from the word “Onguiaahra,” the first settlement of indigenous people (also called the “Neutral tribe” by French explorers due to their role in keeping the peace between the warring Iroquois and Huron Nations).

In 1764, over 2,000 First Nations leaders representing 24 Nations gathered in what is now Niagara-on-the-Lake to enter into the Treaty of Niagara, the first treaty in present-day Canada, which outlined the relationship between the local Indigenous people and the British Crown.

Early English settlements

After the Treaty of Niagara was signed in 1764, Niagara Canada became home to early English settlements including Newark (now Niagara-on-the-Lake), the first capital of Upper Canada (now the province of Ontario) and site of the first provincial parliament.

The region was also shaped by the influx of refugees and British settlers who migrated to Niagara Canada after the American Revolutionary War and the famous battles of the War of 1812, the only war ever fought between Canada and the United States.

Other historical milestones

Milestones in the region’s history of agricultural and industrial development include the building of the Welland Canal (1829), the central role of Niagara Falls in the generation of hydroelectricity (1910), and the birth of the Canada’s wine industry that continues to flourish to this day.

Six historical fun facts

  • Niagara Canada has attracted visitors from around the world for centuries
  • For more than 200 years, Niagara Canada has been known as the honeymoon capital of the world. More than 50,000 honeymoons are arranged in Niagara each year
  • Between 1824 and 1829, the Welland Canal was constructed, bypassing Niagara Falls and connecting the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
  • Nikola Tesla designed the world’s first commercialized hydroelectric AC generating power plant in Niagara Canada (1910)
  • The last time Niagara Falls stopped flowing due to ice buildup was in 1848
  • The first person to attempt to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel was a 63-year-old woman

Niagara welcomes the world

Niagara Canada has a long history of welcoming newcomers. First Nations people first settled the area thousands of years ago and occupied the land for centuries until European explorers arrived in Niagara.

The area has been a prime destination for global immigration ever since. During the American Revolution, more than 80,000 people came here seeking safety and a new life.

Today Niagara Canada continues to be a welcoming home to newcomers from all over the world, and more and more of the many visitors to the region choose to stay and call it home.


Niagara’s population by municipality

Municipality 2016
Fort Erie 30,710
Grimsby 27,314
Lincoln 23,787
Niagara Falls 88,071
Niagara-on-the-Lake 17,511
Pelham 17,110
St. Catharines 133,113
Thorold 18,801
Wainfleet 6,372
Welland 52,293
West Lincoln 14,500
Totals 447,888

Niagara’s population by age

Distribution of Population by Age
0 to 14 years 15%
15 to 24 years 12%
25 to 44 years 22%
45 to 64 years
65+ 21%

Daily commute times

Average Daily Commute
Less than 15 minutes 36%
15 to 29 minutes 38%
30 to 44 minutes 15%
45 to 59 minutes 5%
60 minutes and over  7%